What is Vaginal discharge ?

Vaginal Discharge Causes| Vaginal discharge is fluid that contains a mixture of vaginal secretions and cervical mucus. the quantity of discharge produced varies from woman to woman but is usually normal and healthy.

Pregnancy, changing hormones, or the presence of an infection also can affect the consistency and amount of discharge .

Usually, discharge starts after a woman gets her first menstrual period and has several functions. It naturally keeps the vagina clean, provides lubrication during sexual activity , and should help prevent infection.There are have some times when discharge amounts can change. Dr. Justine Burris says, “Immediately after a period, there's almost no discharge. Two to 3 days after the menses ends, there's have a thick, white discharge. a couple of days later, the consistency changes to seem more like mucous. Before ovulation, the discharge becomes clear and sticky, and before subsequent period, discharge is thick and white in consistency.”

Vaginal Discharge: Causes,Type, Treatment And Prevention
Vaginal Discharge Causes

Types of Vaginal Discharge :

There are different type of Discharge like Normal discharge and Abnormal discharge.      According to  Dr. Sanjay Kumar Bhattacharyya an indian gynecologist experts at women sexual disease.      

Normal discharge (Leucorrhoea):

Almost all women experience some sort of vaginal discharges at any point in time. this is often usually clear or milky or more sort of a sticky liquid. These are the secretions from the glands situated within the vagina and cervix. This constant secretion helps in vaginal lubrication, clears out old cells, keeps the vagina clean and safe from outside infections. Usually, it amounts 1 to 4 ml in 24 hours during a normal reproductive-aged woman.


The discharge are often seen within the primary few days after birth thanks to estrogen exposure from mother, within the womb. it's more sort of a clear or white mixture with a mucus sort of texture.


The secretion is relatively thinner and features a different bacteria flora.


As the production of estrogen begins at this age, there's a rise within the discharge along side a rise in glycogen content resulting in increased lactobacilli content within the vagina. This, in turn, leads a to more acidic environment inside the vagina which helps to guard the vagina from outer infections.

Menstrual cycle:

In the normal cycle , there's some sort of vaginal discharges which are considered normal. During the mid-cycle, there's a rise in vaginal secretion which is an indicator of ovulation.


During pregnancy, thanks to an increased level of hormones inside the mother's body, the vaginal secretion is increased but with none itching or foul smell. The secretion is usually white or mildly grey in color related to a musty smell.


Vaginal secretions decrease after menopause thanks to the effect of a decrease in steroid hormone production inside the body.

Abnormal Vaginal Discharge Causes:

Various conditions and differing types of infections and diseases are often reasons for changed vaginal discharges. The discharge might change in color, amount, consistency, duration and will be related to offensive smell or itching.

When are you able to see abnormal vaginal discharges?

The following conditions cause abnormal discharge .

Bacte  rial Vaginosis: it's a bacterial infection most ordinarily seen in women in childbearing age. the overall causes include the utilization of antibiotics for other reasons or exposure to unprotected sex, etc.

Yeast Infection: Also termed as candidiasis.

Antibiotic or use of steroids.

Sexually transmitted diseases like chlamydia, gonorrhea,

Diabetes mellitus.

Use of douches, soaps, and lotions those are scented or taking frequent bubble baths.

PID: pelvic disease or pelvic infection after surgery.

Trichomoniasis: infection thanks to unprotected sex.

Sometimes, rarely, viral infections like herpes simplex may additionally cause this.

What Are The Signs and Symptoms Of Vaginal Discharge?

Usually, there's a change within the amount of secretions along side other changes and associated symptoms are as follows:

  • Thick discharge.
  • Bad Odor.
  • Itching.
  • Swelling with or without redness round the vulva.
  • Pain or burning sensation during urinating.
  • White discharge.
  • Painful intercourse.

Based on the precise sort of discharge:

1. Bloody, brown colored discharge:

This can flow from to periods, or cervical or endometrial carcinoma . this will be related to pelvic pain.

2. Yellow or cloudy:

Infection like Gonorrhea. the opposite associated symptoms include pelvic pain, involuntary or uncontrolled urination, bleeding in between periods cycle.

3. Yellow, greenish and frothy with a nasty smell:

This is seen in cases of trichomoniasis and may be related to itching and pain while urinating.

4. Pink colored:

This is seen thanks to uterine lining shedding after delivery of the baby.

5. White and cheesy thick secretion:

This is quite common and is caused thanks to yeast or fungal infections. The associated symptoms include pain and swelling round the vulva, pain during sexual activity , and itching.

6. White or grey or yellow secretion with fishy odor:

This is another common condition caused thanks to bacterial vaginosis and infrequently related to itching, but redness and swelling round the vulva are often seen.

When contact with  to a doctor?

Most of the time, discharge isn't something you ought to worry about. You  have to talk with your doctor if you notice your Vaginal discharge has changed from its typical consistency, color, and smell, or if you've got other symptoms in your vaginal area.

  1. It has changed in consistency and appears yellow, green, or maybe gray.
  2. It resembles pot cheese in color and consistency.
  3. It looks foamy or frothy.
  4. It has a robust smell of fish, yeast, or another odor.
  5. It is brown or blood-stained

Also contact your doctor if you have vaginal itching, swelling, burning, or pain.

Prevention  or Decrease Discharge :

1. Washing the vagina properly with the assistance of mild soap and water and keeping the world clean.

2. Wear properly fitting (not too tight or loose garments) preferably cotton.

3. don't use scented or high chemicals near the vagina.

4. After using the washroom, wipe from front to back so as to stop migration of organisms from anus to vagina.

5. Have protected sex if not planning for a baby.

Even though vaginal secretions (Vaginal Discharge  Causes) are common, they could even be thanks to some underlying pathological condition and hence it's better to consult your physician when unsure so as to cure and obtain guided about the condition.

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